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    2020中國銀行校園招聘校園招聘真題匯編(四)-考生回憶版

    日期:2020-09-25

    In the atmosphere, carbon dioxide acts rather like a one-way mirror—the glass in the roof of a greenhouse which allows the sun’s rays to enter but prevents the heat from escaping. According to a weather expert’s prediction, the atmosphere will be 3°C warmer in the year 2050 than it is today, if man continues to burn fuels at the present rate. If this warming up took place, the ice caps in the poles would begin to melt, thus raising sea level several metres and severely flooding coastal cities. Also, the increase in atmospheric temperature would lead to great changes in the climate of the northern hemisphere, possibly resulting in an alteration of the earth’s chief food-growing zones. In the past, concern about a man-made warming of the earth has concentrated on the Arctic because the Antarctic is much colder and has a much thicker ice sheet. But the weather experts are now paying more attention to West Antarctic, which may be affected by only a few degrees of warming: in other words, by a warming on the scale that will possibly take place in the next fifty years from the burning of fuels. Satellite pictures show that large areas of Antarctic ice are already disappearing. The evidence available suggests that a warming has taken place. This fits the theory that carbon dioxide warms the earth.

    However, most of the fuel is burnt in the northern hemisphere, where temperatures seem to be falling. Scientists conclude, therefore, that up to now natural influences on the weather have exceeded those caused by man. The question is: Which natural cause has most effect on the weather?

    One possibility is the variable behavior of the sun. Astronomers at one research station have studied the hot spots and “cold” spots (that is, the relatively less hot spots) on the sun. As the sun

    rotates, every 27.5 days, it presents hotter or “colder” faces to the earth, and different aspects to different parts of the earth. This seems to have a considerable effect on the distribution of the

    earth’s atmospheric pressure, and consequently on wind circulation. The sun is also variable over along term: its heat output goes up and down in cycles, the latest trend being downward.

    Scientists are now finding mutual relations between models of solar-weather interactions and the actual climate over many thousands of years, including the last Ice Age. The problem is that

    the models are predicting that the world should be entering a new Ice Age and it is not. One way of solving this theoretical difficulty is to assume a delay of thousands of years while the solar

    effects overcome the inertia(慣性)of the earth’s climate. If this is right, the warming effect of carbon dioxide might thus be serving as a useful counte-balance to the sun’s diminishing heat.

    81.It can be concluded that a concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would _____.

    A. prevent the sun’s rays from reaching the earth’s surface

    B. mean a warming up in the Arctic

    C. account for great changes in the climate in the northern hemisphere

    D. raise the temperature of the earth’s surface

    82. The article was written to explain _____.

    A. the greenhouse effect

    B. the solar effects on the earth

    C. the models of solar-weather interactions

    D. the causes affecting weather

    83. Although the fuel consumption is greater in the northern hemisphere, temperatures there seem to be falling. This is _____.

    A. mainly because the levels of carbon dioxide are rising

    B. possible because the ice caps in the poles are melting

    C. exclusively due to the effect of the inertia of the earth’s climate

    D. partly due to variations in the output of solar energy

    84. On the basis of their models, scientists are of the opinion that _____.

    A.the climate of the world should be becoming cooler

    B. it will take thousands of years for the inertia of the earth’s climate to take effect

    C. the man-made warming effect helps to increase the solar effects

    D. the new Ice Age will be delayed by the greenhouse effect

    85. If the assumption about the delay of a new Ice Age is correct, _____.

    A. the best way to overcome the cooling effect would be to burn more fuels

    B. ice would soon cover the northern hemisphere

    C. the increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could warm up the earth even more quickly

    D. the greenhouse effect could work to the advantage of the earth

    Some people believe that international sport creates goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true:

    that international contests encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by lesser

    incidents caused principally by minor national contests. One country received its second-place medals with visible indignation after the hockey(曲棍 球)final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the losers objecting to the final decision. They were convinced that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents’victory was unfair. Their manager was in a rage when he said:“This wasn’t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished.” The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension of the team for at least three years.The American basketball team announced that they would not yield first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their contest. The game had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player then threw the ball from one end of the court to the other, and another player popped it into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. An appeal jury debated the matter for four and a half hours before announcing that the result would stand. The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals. Incident of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals or in non-national teams might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourges aggressive patriotism.

    86.According to the author, recent Olympic Games have _____.

    A. created goodwill between the nations

    B. bred only false national pride

    C. barely showed any international friendship

    D. led to more and more misunderstanding and hatred

    87. What did the manager mean by saying, “... Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished”?

    A. His team would no longer take part in international games.

    B. Hockey and the Federation are both ruined by the unfair decisions.

    C. There should be no more hockey matches organized by the Federation.

    D. The Federation should be dissolved.

    88. The basketball example implied that _____.

    A. too much patriotism was displayed in the incident

    B. the announcement to prolong the match was wrong

    C. the appeal jury was too hesitant in making the decision

    D. the American team was right in rejecting the silver medals

    89. The author gives the two examples in Paragraphs 2 and 3 to show _____.

    A. how false national pride led to undesirable incidents in international games

    B. that sportsmen have been more obedient than they used to be

    C. that competitiveness in the games discourages international friendship

    D. that unfair decisions are common in Olympic Games

    90. What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?

    A. The organization of the Olympic Games must be improved.

    B. Athletes should compete as individual in the Olympic Games.

    C. Sport should be played competitively rather than for the love of the game.

    D. International contests are liable for misunderstanding between nations.

    Is language, like food, a basic human need without which a child at a critical period of life can be starved and damaged? Judging from the drastic experiment of FrederickⅠin the thirteenth

    century, it may be. Hoping to discover what language a child would speak if he heard no mother tongue, he told the nurses to keep silent.All the infants died before the first year. But clearly there was more than lack of language here. What was missing was good mothering. Without good mothering, in the first year of life especially, the capacity to survive is seriously affected.

    Today no such severe lack exists as that ordered by Frederick. Nevertheless, some children are still backward in speaking. Most often the reason for this is that the mother is insensitive to the signals of the infant, whose brain is programmed to learn language rapidly. If these sensitive periods are neglected, the ideal time for acquiring skills passes and they might never be learned so

    easily again. A bird learns to sing and to fly rapidly at the right time, but the process is slow and hard once the critical stage has passed. Experts suggest that speech stages are reached in a fixed sequence and at a constant age, but there are cases where speech has started late in a child who eventually turns out to be of high IQ. At twelve weeks a baby smiles and makes vowel-like sounds; at twelve months he can speak simple words and understand simple commands; at eighteen months he has a vocabulary of three to fifty words. At three he knows about l, 000 words which he can put into sentences, and at four his language differs from that of his parents in style rather than grammar. Recent evidence suggests that an infant is born with the capacity to speak. What is special about man’s brain, compared with that of the monkey, is the complex system which enables a child to connect the sight and feel of, say, a toy-bear with the sound pattern “toy-bear”. And even more incredible is the young brain’s ability to pick out an order in language from the mixture of sound around him, to analyze, to combine and recombine the parts of a language in new ways.

    But speech has to be induced, and this depends on interaction between the mother and the child , where the mother recognizes the signals in the child’ s babbling (咿呀學語) , grasping and smiling, and responds to them. Insensitivity of the mother to these signals dulls the interaction because the child gets discouraged and sends out only the obvious signals. Sensitivity to the child’s non-verbal signals is essential to the growth and development of language.

    91. The purpose of Frederick Ⅰ’s experiment was _____ .

    A.to prove that children are born with the ability to speak

    B. to discover what language a child would speak without hearing any human speech

    C. to find out what role careful nursing would play in teaching a child to speak

    D. to prove that a child could be damaged without learning a language

    92. The reason some children are backward in speaking is most probably that _____ .

    A. they are incapable of learning language rapidly

    B. they are exposed to too much language at once

    C. their mothers respond inadequately to their attempts to speak

    D. their mothers are not intelligent enough to help them

    93. What is exceptionally remarkable about a child is that

    A. he is born with the capacity to speak

    B. he has a brain more complex than an animal’s

    C. he can produce his own sentences

    D. he owes his speech ability to good nursing

    94. Which of the following can NOT be inferred from the passage?

    A. The faculty of speech is inborn in man.

    B. Encouragement is anything but essential to a child in language learning.

    C. The child’s brain is highly selective.

    D. Most children learn their language in definite stages.

    95. If a child starts to speak later than others, he will

    A. have a high IQ

    B. be less intelligent

    C.be insensitive to verbal signals

    D. not necessarily be backward

    Scratchy throats, stuffy noses and body aches all spell misery, but being able to tell if the cause is a cold or flu may make a difference in how long the misery lasts. The American Lung Association (ALA) has issued new guidelines on combating colds and the flu, and one of the keys is being able to quickly tell the two apart. That’s because the prescription drugs available for the flu need to be taken soon after the illness sets in. As for colds, the sooner a person starts taking over-the-counter remedy, the sooner relief will come. The common cold and the flu are both caused by viruses. More than 200 viruses can cause cold symptoms, while the flu is caused by three viruses—flu A, B and C. There is no cure for either illness, but the flu (流感) can be prevented by the flu vaccine (疫苗), which is, for most people, the best way to fight the flu, according to the ALA. But if the flu does strike, quick action can help. Although the flu and common cold have many similarities, there are some obvious signs to look for.Cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, runny nose and scratchy throat typically develop gradually, and adults and teens often do not get a fever. On the other hand, fever is one of the characteristic features of the flu for all ages. And in general, flu symptoms including fever and chills, sore throat and body aches come on suddenly and are more severe than cold symptoms. The ALA notes that it may be particularly difficult to tell when infants and preschool age children have the flu. It advises parents to call the doctor if their small children have flu-like symptoms. Both cold and flu symptoms can be eased with over-the-counter medications as well. However, children and teens with a cold or flu should not take aspirin for pain relief because of the risk of Reye syndrome (綜合癥),a rare but serious condition of the liver and central nervous system. There is, of course, no vaccine for the common cold. But frequent hand washing and avoiding close contact with people who have colds can reduce the likelihood of catching one.

    96. According to the author, knowing the cause of the misery will help _____ .

    A. shorten the duration of the illness

    B. the patient buy medicine over the counter

    C. the patient obtain cheaper prescription drugs

    D. prevent people from catching colds and the flu

    97. We learn from the passage that _____ .

    A. one doesn’t need to take any medicine if he has a cold or the flu

    B. aspirin should not be included in over-the-counter medicines for the flu

    C. delayed treatment of the flu will harm the liver and central nervous system

    D. over-the-counter drugs can be taken to ease the misery caused by a cold or the flu

    98. According to the passage, to combat the flu effectively, _____ .

    A. one should identify the virus which causes it

    B. one should consult a doctor as soon as possible

    C. one should take medicine upon catching the disease

    D. one should remain alert when the disease is spreading

    99. Which of the following symptoms will distinguish the flu from a cold?

    A. A stuffy nose.

    B. A high temperature

    C. A sore throat.

    D. A dry cough.

    100. If children have flu-like symptoms, their parents _____ .

    A. are advised not to give them aspirin

    B. should watch out for signs of Reye syndrome

    C. are encouraged to take them to hospital for vaccination

    D. should prevent them from mixing with people running a fever


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